Among the most misunderstood tactics in personal defense is the double tap. More than half of those practicing defense shooting execute the double tap incorrectly. Worse yet, it is most often taught incorrectly.
Those without training will be hapless in many defensive situations. It is best to receive instructions from an instructor with extensive police or military experience. Simply attending a lot of schools doesn’t prepare someone to teach life and death matters. Only those that have walked the walk may teach tactics and strategy well.
Experience must be alloyed with training. That being said, most of your practice will be solo no matter how well trained you are. A three-day training course is a great start—providing the instructor is capable. Remember, personal defense skills are perishable and you must keep the practice up.
The double tap drill is considered by most to be two shots delivered to the target as quickly as possible. The double tap is an excellent tactic for maximizing wound potential. But the advantage of the double tap is evident only if the double tap is properly delivered. First, realize that the double tap isn’t a flurry of shots. Two shots are delivered as quickly as you are able to acquire the sights after recoil and fire again. This means that each shot is a deliberate shot that is controlled. A controlled pair, as an example, is a bit slower than the double tap and delivered at longer range—7 to 10 yards—and with greater care in precision.
The double tap is sometimes confused with the hammer. The hammer is delivered at absolute short, even contact, range. The handgun is drawn and thrust at the opponent, who may have a knife in your chest, and two shots are fired as quickly as possible. If attempted past intimate range, the second shot of the hammer might well miss the entire body.
By the same token, the controlled pair may be too slow for use at very close range. The carefully measured double tap is used at the most common personal defense ranges (three to seven yards). The shooter determines the speed of the double. How fast are you able to fire two shots, the second striking within four inches of the first? That is your limiting speed. A miss is inexcusable.
The double tap is versatile and should be practiced first—before the controlled pair or the hammer. The hammer can be dangerous to the shooter if they have not mastered recoil control. It should be considered a short-range tactic. I have seen shooters deliver a double tap on target with one bullet hole in the belt and another in the neck and deem it good. This isn’t good.
Neither was a controlled shot where each hit the target by chance. This isn’t acceptable morally or legally. The shooter began on the line with the hand on the pistol, shifted the pistol in the holster a few times, and then drew and fired the double tap on command of the whistle. I see this comedic pantomime often. They telegraph their intention to all concerned and then draw and render an 18-inch group on the target three to five yards away. Practice avoids such foolishness.
A fine drill to hone skills and build control is the Bill Drill, developed by famed shooter Bill Wilson. In this drill, the student draws and fires his handgun as quickly as possible at a man-sized target at seven yards. Six shots are fired as quickly as the student can control the handgun. Speed and accuracy will build with the proper application of fundamentals and this drill.
A few words on speed, calling the shot is the mark of a trained shooter. Anyone can shoot, but aiming each shot no matter how fast your fire is the development of a marksman. Of course, you can shoot faster than you can aim, but never shoot so fast you cannot aim each shot. If you fire so quickly during range work that you are not in control of each shot, you may fire too quickly for real during a defensive situation—in fact, I guarantee you will.
You will fire too fast, and you will panic when the fight is real. Getting the sight picture for every shot doesn’t mean the sight picture will be perfect as if you were addressing a 25-yard bullseye, but it means the sight picture is adequate for the range and the target. This may mean aiming using meat and paper, in which the slide of the pistol is superimposed over the target as an aiming point. It may mean that you are using the front sight placed on the opponent’s belt buckle as an aiming point. The pistol’s sights are used to afford a rough but adequate sight picture on the target at 3-5 yards. A sharper sight picture is demanded at longer range. When you have mastered these sighting styles, you will be prepared to shoot accurately and to use the double tap.
When firing the double tap, fire once and control the handgun as it recoils. Allow the trigger to reset. As the handgun comes back on target, the trigger resets and you are ready to fire again. Fire the second shot as soon as you have the sight picture.
Control the handgun and use deliberate, but very fast, shots when executing the double tap. Moving fast means mastering the trigger action. If you jerk the trigger, you will invite tension into the muscles. A smooth press is a relaxed press. The trigger jerk incites tremors. A smooth trigger press must always be achieved, or accuracy will suffer.
The prep, as we take up slack on the trigger for longer-range fire, cannot be used at short range or when executing the double tap. We must quickly press the trigger. The trigger press is quick but smooth. Allow reset and roll on with speed. The double tap must be practiced often to master. To master the double tap, draw and get the sights on target quickly. As soon as you have the proper sight picture and sight alignment, fire, recover, and fire again. Practice hard, use the correct technique, and the double tap will be a viable tactic.
Do you practice double taps? What other drill would you recommend for defensive shooting? Share your answers in the comment section.
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I make my training practice fluid as much as possible. A real life event is going to be fluid. I know the farthest distance to the target and then I work in between that and right up on the target. No set distances in between unless I am doing a specific drill that call for a set distance. Coming from a military/law enforcement and contract security background I also practice failure drills with a two and one (double tap center mass and one to the head preferably in the T zone). Never knowing what your attacker might be capable of because of drugs or who knows what sometimes a double tap won’t stop the threat. If your shot placement is good for the double tap more rounds center mass may still not stop the threat. A well place shot to the head preferably anywhere along the line of the bridge of the nose to the upper lip is s generally considered a stopping shot with a pistol of adequate caliber. Using a rifle caliber gives you more flexibility moving to either side of the nose center line but usually not more than the outer edge of both eyes. I agree with what the author has said about where someone looking for training should seek to get it except I won’t train just anyone. My experience training just anyone is more dangerous for the trainer than anyone else. For that reason a lot of people I know with the same or similar qualifications (these are people that have as the author stated walked the walk) won’t train just anyone either.
It would be great, if such practices could and would be taught at all shooting range. In fact, it is amazing to me that no “Beginners” course has to be completed, before someone is allowed to go to a shooting range and wiggle a loaded gun around. Something I have seen too many times! In most developed countries you have to complete a beginners class just to be allowed to play on a golf course, or to drive a car you’re required to complete 10 hours of mandatory driving school. Nothing like that for weapons that can kill someone. I think this is a misunderstood freedom of bearing arms.
Wolf, you are completely wrong.
Plenty of little old ladies have stopped attacks with Granpa’s revolver without any training at all.
The revolver is the original point and click interface.
Inside a house it could be noteasier at such close distances.
Training is good, it’s fun, it might even be useful.
No training at all is necessary to exercise your constitutional rights…any of them
Wow, all those words. Double Tap pull trigger twice, Double Tap.